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Samples Preparation of Breath Test 14C Tracer for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

ZHANG Hui1,2;WANG Xiao-ming1;PANG Yi-jun1;ZHAO Qing-zhang1;CHEN Juan1;CHEN Bao-jun1;YANG Xian-lin1;HE Ming1;JIANG Shan1   

  1. 1.China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China;2.Technical Physics Institute of Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150086, China
  • Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-22



  1. 1.中国原子能科学研究院,北京102413; 2.黑龙江省科学院 技术物理研究所,黑龙江 哈尔滨150086


Carbon plays an important role in the metabolism of plants and human. Radiocarbon (14C) is an ideal tracer for vivo human metabolism, disease diagnosis and organ function assessment studies. In this paper, the preparation method of 14C breath test samples for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) measurement was developed in China. AMS, with its advantages of high sensitivity, small radioactivity dose, high precision, large measuring range, and long tracer cycle, can be used to measure cosmogenic nuclide 14C, which has long half-life. The current intensity of interested ion in ion source is an important parameter for the sensitivity of AMS measurement. The high beam current can improve the sensitivity of AMS. The preparation methods of breath test samples of 14C tracer were systematically studied to obtain high beam current using graphitization and carbonatization methods. A reliable preparation procedure of breath test samples for 14C tracer and its optimization parameters were determined by testing beam currents of various samples, which has laid a foundation for 14C-AMS technology at breath test tracer application.

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