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Clinical Applications of CO2 and H2 Breath Test

ZHAO Si-qian;CHEN Bao-jun;LUO Zhi-fu   

  1. China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
  • Online:2016-08-20 Published:2016-08-10

CO2呼气试验和H2呼气试验的临床应用

赵思倩;陈宝军;罗志福   

  1. 中国原子能科学研究院,北京102413

Abstract:

Breath test is non-invasive, high sensitivity and high specificity. In this article, CO2 breath test, H2 breath test and their clinical applications were elaborated. The main applications of CO2 breath test include helicobacter pylori test, liver function detection, gastric emptying test, insulin resistance test, pancreatic exocrine secretion test, etc. H2 breath test can be applied in the diagnosis of lactose malabsorption and detecting small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. With further research, the breath test is expected to be applied in more diseases diagnosis.

Key words: breath test, liver function detection, gastric emptying test

摘要:

呼气试验简单无创、灵敏度高、特异性较强,受到研究者的关注。本文介绍了CO2呼气试验和H2呼气试验的临床应用。CO2呼气试验的主要应用有胃幽门螺杆菌检测、肝功能检测、胃排空检测、胰岛素抵抗检测和胰腺外分泌测定等。H2呼气试验可用于诊断乳糖吸收不良和检测小肠细菌过度生长。随着进一步的研究,呼气试验因其高灵敏度,非侵入性,有望应用于更多疾病的诊断。

关键词: 呼气试验, 肝功能检测, 胃排空测试